Category: Environment

Bottom Dollars

The recession has created a boom in the cloth-diaper business—even for used diapers.

This story originally appeared in Slate’s The Big Money.

The Ninth Semi-Annual Great Cloth Diaper Hunt kicked off at the beginning of May. This online scavenger hunt is sponsored by Diaper Decisions, a Web site that provides support to more than 400 cloth-diaper businesses run by work-at-home mothers (or WAHMs). Businesses that pay to sponsor the Diaper Hunt “hide” a badge on their Web site each day—an image of a diaper, of course—and shoppers flock to their Web sites with the hopes of winning prizes worth as much as $250. Interest in the hunt exploded since the last one was held in November, says Diaper Decisions co-owner Susan Arevalo, with sponsorship applications—from companies like Cute Caboose and Butt Chic—up 25 percent.

At a time when most of the economy is in the toilet, the cloth-diaper business is booming. Cloth diapering has long been a countercultural lifestyle choice, reserved largely for deeply committed environmentalists. It became more popular in the past couple of years as green went from crunchy to hip. Sometimes too hip: Parents in search of eco-status could shell out more than $300 for a single diaper made from designer-printed organic bamboo fabric. While luxury diapers still sell for upward of $100, most are no-frill models retailing for less than $20, converting a new generation of parents looking to cut costs and creating a growing market for entrepreneurs. Cloth-diapering site Diaper Swappers now has more than 67,000 members, and it is adding new ones at a rate twice as fast as before the recession, now around 100 per day. Continue reading


Newark’s Great Green Hope

This article appeared in the February 16, 2009 edition of The Nation.

Kim Thompson-Gaddy’s three children have asthma, and her godson has irreversible lead poisoning. Sadly, many families face these illnesses in her city, Newark, New Jersey, home to one of the Northeast’s largest incinerators and the nation’s third-busiest port. With her compelling story and her experience as staff to three city council members in the 1980s and ’90s, it is hard to imagine why she has faced an uphill battle in making the city’s environmental problems a top priority for the state’s environmental organizations and its urban politicians. But her frustration led her to confront the president of the New Jersey Environmental Federation at its first meeting nine years ago: “How can you begin to address our issues if you don’t have anyone who looks like us and lives in our community?” she asked. The group took her point and hired her. But when she met with Ronald Rice, her state senator and chair of the Legislative Black Caucus, he laughed her out of the room. “I can’t believe you left municipal government to become a tree-hugger!” she remembers him exclaiming.

Today, Thompson-Gaddy’s work is paying off. Newark, along with the capital, Trenton, is at the forefront of a new wave of urban environmentalism fueled by the promise of green jobs–the approach to economic recovery favored by America’s first urban president in more than a century. Newark Mayor Cory Booker will soon announce that Thompson-Gaddy will chair a new environmental commission, and she headed the economic development working group of a planning process, announced at the 2007 Clinton Global Initiative, to make Newark a model green city. Trenton Mayor Douglas Palmer convened his own green steering committee fourteen months ago and used his position as president of the U.S. Conference of Mayors to place global warming atop the urban agenda. Even the once-derisive Rice has begun to come around and has co-sponsored an environmental bill.

This change was made possible, explains Booker, by the realization that environmentalism is “not about saving something far away like penguins or whales; it’s about creating jobs and creating wealth and hope in cities.” It also turns some of the cities’ greatest liabilities into opportunities. “Our state has a lot of challenges,” Booker says. “Urban mayors not only want to avoid facing the consequences of not engaging the green movement. They also see the opportunities of creating a green economy.” Continue reading

Huckabee Campaign Divided on Environment and Evangelicalism

The Huffington Post, December 31, 2007.

The only policy issue Mike Huckabee singles out on a page devoted to “Faith and Politics” isn’t abortion or marriage. “My faith doesn’t influence my decisions, it drives them,” writes the GOP presidential hopeful. “For example, when it comes to the environment, I believe in being a good steward of the earth.”

But the prominence given to the environment on this webpage is unmatched in Iowa. He does not even mention the issue in his stump speech, and he is seldom asked about it by the largely conservative audiences that turn out to appraise whether he deserves their support in the state’s January 3rd caucus. This is undoubtedly a prudent judgment of the concerns of the voters he is courting. He is unlikely to win points for having bucked conservative orthodoxy with his endorsement of a cap-and-trade system to control carbon emissions. But he also likely avoids talking about the environment because there is deep division within the evangelical community that has fueled his rise to the front of the GOP pack

“I’ve heard reporters talking about global warming as an evangelical issue, and that’s just poppycock,” said Iowa Christian Alliance President Steve Scheffler, reached by phone earlier this month. Scheffler doesn’t object to adding the environment to the evangelical agenda because it strays beyond the bread and butter issues of abortion and marriage, he clarified after a fundraiser featuring Huckabee in Cedar Rapids. “People of faith are interested in issues beyond so-called Christian issues or moral issues” including preserving the state’s “Right to Work” law and sealing the borders. “But in terms of global warming or whatever, I don’t think those theories have been proven beyond of a shadow of a doubt.”

When asked to comment on Huckabee’s green Christian rhetoric, he initially said the website language “is fine and dandy [but] I’m not sure he’s talked specifically in terms of global warming.” Informed of Huckabee’s endorsement of cap-and-trade, he appeared perplexed and declined to comment further.

Global climate change aside, there is no question there is substantial change in the evangelical political climate, and Huckabee is caught in the crosswinds. According to a survey conducted this fall by Ellison Research, that 84% of evangelicals nationwide favor global warming legislation. Fifty-four percent of those surveyed said they are more likely to support a presidential candidate who backs such legislation, while only 10% said they would question their support. The largest evangelical organization, the National Association of Evangelicals (NAE), found “Creation Care” (as Christian environmentalists have rechristened their cause) to be one of the top 5 concerns of American evangelicals. This was based on a survey of 100 members of their board of directors that included the heads of several evangelical denominations comprising about 45,000 local churches. The NAE has leant its institutional heft to the cause of global warming. NAE Vice President for Governmental Affairs Richard Cizik was an architect of the Evangelical Climate Initiative, which now has over 100 signatories.

But the most high-profile evangelical political leaders are singing from a different hymnal. Shortly before his death this spring, the late Rev. Jerry Falwell described growing environmentalism among evangelicals as “Satan’s attempt to redirect the church’s primary focus.” Focus on the Family’s James Dobson, Family Research Council’s Tony Perkins, and 23 other conservative activists have called for Cizik’s ousting, accusing him of “using the global warming controversy to shift the emphasis away from the great moral issues of our time.”

It is not surprising that the Iowa Christian Alliance’s Steve Scheffler is in line with old-guard leaders like Dobson and Perkins. He led the state organization to split with the national Christian Coalition in part because it was perceived as becoming too liberal after and backing a state tax increase in Alabama and joining with to defend “net neutrality.” But Huckabee owes his success to peddling a kinder-and-gentler brand of Christian conservatism than the one championed by the ICA.

Huckabee is by now familiar with navigating these fractious waters. He simply raised his eyebrows in bemusement when told about Scheffler’s repudiation of Christian environmentalism following a campaign stop in Ames. “I just think it’s a matter of stewardship… If you read Genesis 1, it makes very clear that we’re to help take care of [nature], we’re not to abuse, but to use.” But the split within the movement has forced him into a sometimes-confusing dance on the subject of global warming. His endorsement of a cap-and-trade system during a CBS Evening News appearance earlier this month was lost in an uproar over his response to a question about whether “the global warming threat [is] overblown.” “I mean, the honest answer for me, scientifically, is I don’t know,” he said. “But here’s one thing I do know, that we ought to not let this become this big political football and point of argument. We all ought to agree that we live on this planet as guests. I think Republicans have made a big mistake by not being more on the forefront of conservationism.”

Huckabee’s Iowa campaign co-chairman used humor to downplay the depth of division on the issue when asked if the environment was a Christian issue. “You mean, God’s Creation, the environment!?” he joked, feigning bewilderment of how anyone could think otherwise. “Of course it is.” But Huckabee’s other Iowa co-chairman, state Rep. Danny Carroll, was less primed to sign on to this agenda. “I guess it’s a Christian issue, but I guess I never really thought about it.” His perspective on his constituents’ attitude towards global warming reflect the conflict Huckabee is navigating. “I don’t know about Christians, but Iowans in general are a little bit skeptical about all of the discussion around global warming and that sort of thing, but we are by nature conservationists… I don’t know that they’re convinced that man is causing global warming, but the solutions that are proposed with that in mind are appealing to Iowans and to Christians.”

The ICA’s Scheffler had lashed out at the National Association and Evangelicals and influential pastor Rick Warren, a signatory to the Evangelical Climate Initiative. “They don’t represent the grassroots people…. The people in the pews [don’t] think what some national leader thinks.” Talking to the Christian voters who turned out to Huckabee’s Iowa rallies suggest he’s partly right. None listed the environment as a major issue to them, and many signaled their hostility to Al Gore and the global warming initiatives with which he is associated. But only one voter I spoke suggested he might hold Huckabee’s environmental views against him. When asked if the idea of the environment as a Christian issue resonated with him, Ethan Bolte of Cedar Rapids said, “Yeah — negatively. I think it’s a hoax, the whole global warming thing.” Far more typical was Amy Zimmerman of Van Meter, who prioritized conventional evangelical issues but was open to making the environment a priority. “It does resonate with us because…we are stewards of our earth, [which] we believe has been created by God,” she said. “However, human life comes before any particular real crazy left environment stuff.”